Vechur is a dwarf cattle breed which is recognized as one of the smallest cattle breeds in the world. They have an average length of 124 cm and a height of 87 cm. They got the name from their place of origin, Vechur, a small village by the Vembanad lake in the Kottayam district of Kerala. However, the breeding tracts of these cows can be found in Alappuzha, Kottayam, Pathanamthitta and Kasargode districts of Kerala. They are generally black, brown or red in colour and are known for the quality of their milk. Vechur cows are adapted to the hot and humid climate of Kerala and are one of the largest producers of milk considering other dwarf breeds. They can produce an average of three litres of milk a day with very little feed, maintenance and care when compared. Although the introduction of cross-breeding in the 80s has pushed the breed to near extinction, efforts by conservation trusts and farmers have saved the breed from extinction. In the present day, the milk of Vechur cows is also known for its medicinal and therapeutic value in the market.